Who was Martin Luther King, Jr.?
Martin Luther King, Jr. was named after the German reformer Martin Luther. He was a Baptist minister, but later became known as an civil rights activist.
When did he live?
He was born January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, and died April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee.
When and how did he die?
He was assassinated on April 4, 1968 at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
At 6:01 pm he was struck by a single bullet in the neck, whilst he was standing on a balcony. The assassination resulted in a huge hunt for the murderer, James Earl Ray, who was arrested two months later.
What is he famous for?
He is best known as the leader of the anti-segregation campaign in the US. This started already in 1955, with his bus boycott. The cause of the boycott was the arrest of Rosa Parks, when she refused to stand up for a white man in the bus. Martin Luther King organised a bus boycott and consecutively, the bus company changed its rules and black people now had the same rights in the bus as white people. In 1962, he organised nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama and in 1963, he organised the March on Washington, where gave his ‘I Have a Dream’ speech. This speech gave him international fame, mainly for his great oral skills and charismatic appearance. A year later, in 1964, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence.