Pascal Gunsch

Model United Nations

General Assembly 2 – Human Rights

Each committees will have one delegate per country. These delegates will be representing their country’s policy in those committees. After the sub-committees of the General Assembly have made and debated a number of resolutions one of these resolution per committee will be addressed at the plenary session of the General Assembly. The General Assembly sub-committees will address 3 or 4 issues per committee. Please note that not all the countries of the United Nations can be represented in one Assembly because of our limited number of students.

The Human Rights Commission (also named the GA2) is a council at MUNO that specifically debates human rights issues. This council was formed as part of the UN system for the purpose of trying to improve human rights situations in specific places and to be able to monitor the control of human rights in countries that violate these rights.

 

Resolution 1

FORUM: GA2 – Human Rights
QUESTION OF: Protecting women’s rights especially regarding sexual harassment of women
SUBMITTED BY: Germany

GA2 – Human Rights

Deeply concerned by the punishment of sexual assault in countries in the Middle-East,

Pointing out that sexual assault as well as accusing anyone of committing sexual assault is seen as a crime against God, and has a fixed punishment, which is flogging with 100 lashes or stoning to death,

Noting that sexual assault is only proven when the offender confesses to committing the crime, or when four male Muslims have witnessed the assault,

Stressing that this makes it very unlikely to prove sexual assault and that it is therefore common for women raising claims are not only denied, but also charged with the act of fornication or adultery themselves,

Taking into account that the claim can be avoided when the offender marries the victim, which is often done involuntarily,

Emphasising that the issue violates numerous women’s rights, including those laid down in articles 5, 8, 11 and 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

1. Calls upon the United Nations to help protect women’s rights by ensuring better protection against sexual assault and a fairer punishment in cases involving sexual assaults;

2. Encourages countries to implement the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in their judicial system;

3. Requests judges to take into account the assumption of innocence in cases on sexual assault, even though the victim can’t prove the assault sufficiently;

4. Further requests countries to accept other arguments, including medical tests, as valid proof of sexual assaults;

5. Strongly urges countries to make adaptions in legislation which make sexual assaults legal after marriage with the victim;

6. Asks an independent research committee to further investigate the issue and its possible solutions.

Resolution 2

FORUM: GA2 – Human Rights
QUESTION OF: Child labour in developing countries
SUBMITTED BY: Germany

GA2 – Human Rights

Alarmed by the fact that worldwide 18% of children aged 5-12 are economically active,

Pointing out that the working conditions are often as dangerous as, or even more dangerous than, the working conditions of adults with the same job,

Stressing that child labour has a negative effect on education, which in turn has a negative effect on the opportunities in the labour market, which creates a vicious cycle,

Emphasising that the issue violates numerous children’s rights, including those laid down in articles 23, 24, 25 and 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

1. Calls upon the United Nations to help protect children from child labour or at least by create a safe working environment and opportunity to attend school;

2. Emphasises the importance of breaking the vicious cycle by encouraging families to have their children attend school;

3. Requests an independent research committee to monitor the safety of working conditions;

4. Asks countries to take into account the advices published by the independent research committee that monitors the safety of working conditions;

5. Further requests countries to set the minimum wage of a child equal to that of an adult, in order to avoid competition for cheaper workforces;

6. Urges governments to give financial aid to families with working children in order to make it affordable for them to send their children to school;

7. Further requests an independent research committee to investigate the application of children’s rights.

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